Garbage trucks, also known as dustcarts, refer to specially designed trucks for the collection of solid waste and hauling of the waste to a treatment facility such as a landfill. Garbage trucks are an essential component of an effective refuse management program. Depending on where you live, garbage and refuse collection may either be a public or a private function, or maybe even a mix of both.
Types of Garbage Trucks
There are five common types of garbage trucks, each of which is used for a different kind of garbage collection. Each truck comes with different costs associated and different levels of technological advancement, which factors into the types of truck loans and truck leasing that will ultimately be available to you
- Rear loader truckThis is the most commonly used garbage vehicle. It has an opening for dumping trash at the lower rear section of the body. Singular trash containers have to be manually picked and dumped into this opening, while periodically activating a hydraulic paddle or blade to push the waste forward into the body.These garbage trucks are typically used to collect waste in residential areas. They have capacities of 15.3 to 23 cubic meters (20 to 30 cubic yards), and usually require a crew of at least two, including the truck driver.
- Front loaderThe front loader features two long, hydraulically operated lift arms that are anchored behind the truck cab and extend in front of the bumper. The ends of these arms are fork-shaped so they can penetrate slots on the sides of big metal trash containers.These hydraulic arms are strong enough to lift entire containers up and over the cab to deposit the contents into an opening positioned at the front section of the body top. The truck is also equipped with an internal packer blade that periodically compresses the waste as it moves it towards the rear.
Front loader trucks are primarily used to collect trash at commercial businesses where garbage is gathered containers called dumpsters. They have a large capacity of 23 to 30.6 cubic meters (30 to 40 cubic yards), and only require a crew of one to operate.
- Side loaderThis truck is similar to the rear loader, except for the opening that is positioned on the side, behind the cab. Loading a side loader truck can be done manually or automatically with the help of a hydraulic arm that grabs trash containers and dumps the contents in the opening.Side loader trucks have capacities of 11.5 to 23 cubic meters (15 to 30 cubic yards), and are mostly used for trash collection in residential areas.
- Recycling trucksThese trucks come equipped with two or more loading openings to dump recyclable commodities, such as metal cans, glass containers, newspapers or other materials in each compartment. They are mostly found in residential areas with a crew of one or two persons.
- Roll-off trucksThese trucks are equipped with an enclosed trash container positioned on a tilting ramp that is fixed to the truck frame. The container is mobile, such that it can be set on the ground at specific locations, such as construction sites, where heaps of trash need to be moved. Once filled, the container is returned onto the truck frame.Roll-off trucks are operated with a crew of one, and have a capacity of about 27,000 kilograms (60,000 pounds).
Do garbage truck trailers require special equipment?
Garbage trucks operate under demanding conditions, so they usually come fully equipped for work. You just need to identify the kind that suits your trash collection needs. However, you should provide the crew with appropriate safety gear.
Do you require a special license to operate a hot shot truck trailer?
The US law requires that all vehicles with a gross vehicle weight rating (GVWR) of 10,000 and 26,000 pounds be driven by an operator possessing a commercial driver’s license, CDL A or CDL B, respectively. Garbage trucks have a high GVWR, so the operator should have a CDL license.
Can garbage truck trailers be leased or rented?
The unique nature and cost of garbage trucks makes purchasing one quite prohibitive. Fortunately, you can rent a garbage truck to address your waste and roll off truck needs while preserving your cash flow with low upfront investment and seasonal demands, and reducing your tax liability. If renting is not what you are looking for, then the experts at Truck Loan Centre are able to find a wide range of financing options for truck loans and truck leasing. Garbage trucks are massive investments and as such, it is important that the loan company you are dealing with have experience talking to lenders who are willing to put up money for these trucks. We are intimately familiar with the industry and so we are able to explain to lenders why your business deserves a truck lease or loan, based on the financial information that you provide.
Don’t trust your dump truck leases and loans to anyone else. Come to the company with the experience and the contacts to get you the best truck lease or truck loan on the absolute best terms possible.